> Simulation > Material Properties > Material Models > Plasticity von Mises Model
Hide Table of Contents Show Table of Contents

Plasticity von Mises Model

The yield criterion can be written in the form:

where s is the effective stress and sY is the yield stress from uniaxial tests. The von Mises model can be used to describe the behavior of metals. In using this material model, the following considerations should be noted:

  • Small strain plasticity is assumed when small displacement or large displacement is used.

  • An associated flow rule assumption is made.

  • Both isotropic and kinematic hardening rules are available. A linear combination of isotropic and kinematic hardening is implemented when both the radius and the center of yield surface in deviatoric space can vary with respect to the loading history.

The parameter RK defines the proportion of kinematic and isotropic hardening.

For pure isotropic hardening, the parameter RK has the value 0. The radius of the yield surface expands but its center remains fixed in deviatoric space.

For pure kinematic hardening, the parameter RK has the value 1. The radius of the yield surface remains constant while its center can move in deviatoric space.'

  • A bilinear or multi-linear uniaxial stress-strain curve for plasticity can be input. For bilinear stress-strain curve definition, the yield strength and elastic modulus are input through the Material dialog box. For multi-linear stress-strain curve definition, a stress-strain curve should be defined.

  • When you define a stress-strain curve, the first point on the curve should be the yield point of the material. Material properties like elastic modulus, Yield strength, etc will be taken from the stress-strain curve when it is available and not from the material properties table in the Material dialog box. Only Poisson's ratio (NUXY) will be taken from the table.

Defining stress-strain curves is not supported by drop test studies.

  • The SIGYLD and ETAN parameters for bilinear stress-strain curve description can be associated with temperature curves to perform thermoplastic analysis.

  • The use of NR (Newton-Raphson) iterative method is recommended.

The Huber-von Mises model can be used with the solid (draft and high quality) and thick shell (draft and high quality) elements.

Thermo-plasticity is not available with shell elements.

The following figure depicts a typical stress-strain curve of a plastic material:

Large Strain Analysis

In the theory of large strain plasticity, a logarithmic strain measure is defined as:

where U is the right stretch tensor usually obtained from the right polar decomposition of the deformation gradient F (i.e., F = R U, R is the rotation tensor). The incremental logarithmic strain is estimated as:

where B(n+1/2) is the strain-displacement matrix estimated at solution step n+1/2 and Du is the incremental displacements vector. It is noted that the above form is a second-order approximation to the exact formula.

The stress rate is taken as the Green-Naghdi rate so as to make the constitutive model properly frame-invariant or objective. By transforming the stress rate from the global system to the R-system,

The entire constitutive model will be form-identical to the small strain theory. The large strain plasticity theory is applied to the von Mises yield criterion, associative flow rule and isotropic or kinematic hardening (bilinear or multi-linear). Temperature-dependency of material property is supported by bilinear hardening. The radial-return algorithm is used in the current case. The basic idea is to approximate the normal vector N by:


The following figure illustrates the above two equations.

The element force vector and stiffness matrices are computed based on the updated Lagrangian formulation. The Cauchy stresses, logarithmic strains and current thickness (shell elements only) are recorded in the output file.

The elasticity in the current case is modeled in hyperelastic form that assumes small elastic strains but allows for arbitrarily large plastic strains. For large strain elasticity problems (rubber-like), you can use hyperelastic material models such as Mooney-Rivlin.

Cauchy (true) stress and logarithmic strain should be used in defining the multi-linear stress-strain curve.

Comparison of Tresca and von Mises Criteria for Plasticity

Provide feedback on this topic

SOLIDWORKS welcomes your feedback concerning the presentation, accuracy, and thoroughness of the documentation. Use the form below to send your comments and suggestions about this topic directly to our documentation team. The documentation team cannot answer technical support questions. Click here for information about technical support.

* Required

Subject:   Feedback on Help Topics
Page:   Plasticity von Mises Model

We have detected you are using a browser version older than Internet Explorer 7. For optimized display, we suggest upgrading your browser to Internet Explorer 7 or newer.

 Never show this message again

Web Help Content Version: SOLIDWORKS 2011 SP05

The search functionality within the web help is in a beta test phase and you may experience periodic delays or interruptions in its performance. These are the normal and ordinary features of a beta test and shall not under any circumstances give rise to any liability on the part of Dassault Systèmes SolidWorks Corporation or its licensors. The topics within the Web-based help are not beta topics; they document SOLIDWORKS 2011 SP05.

To disable Web help from within SOLIDWORKS and use local help instead, click Help > Use SOLIDWORKS Web Help.

To report problems encountered with the Web help interface and search, contact your local support representative. To provide feedback on individual help topics, use the “Feedback on this topic” link on the individual topic page.