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Rotate, Scale, Project, and Mirror a Line Entity Example (VB.NET)

This example shows how to use a math transform to rotate, scale, project, and mirror a Line entity.

'--------------------------------------------------------------
' Preconditions:
' 1. Create a VB.NET Windows console project.
' 2. Copy and paste this project into the VB.NET IDE.
' 3. Add a reference to:
'    install_dir\APISDK\tlb\DraftSight.Interop.dsAutomation.
' 4. Add references to System and System.Windows.Forms.
' 5. Start DraftSight.
' 6. Run the macro.
'
' Postconditions:
' 1. A Line is drawn, rotated, scaled, projected, and mirrored.
' 2. The transformation parameters are printed before
'    each transformation.
' 3. The Line parameters are printed before and after each
'    transformation.
'----------------------------------------------------------------
Imports System.Collections.Generic
Imports System.Text
Imports DraftSight.Interop.dsAutomation
Imports System.Windows.Forms
Imports System.Runtime.InteropServices
Imports System.Diagnostics

Module Module1
    
Dim dsApp As DraftSight.Interop.dsAutomation.Application

    
Sub Main(ByVal args As String())
        
'Connect to DraftSight application
        dsApp = ConnectToDraftSight()
        
If dsApp Is Nothing Then
            Return
        End If

       
dsApp.AbortRunningCommand() ' abort any command currently running in DraftSight to avoid nested commands

        'Get active document
        Dim dsDoc As Document = dsApp.GetActiveDocument()
        
If dsDoc Is Nothing Then
            MessageBox.Show("There are no open documents in DraftSight.")
            
Return
        End If

        'Get math utility
        Dim dsMathUtility As MathUtility = dsApp.GetMathUtility()

        
'Create different transformations
        Dim transformations As Dictionary(Of String, MathTransform) = CreateDifferentTransformations(dsMathUtility)

        
'Draw a Line
        Dim dsLine As Line = DrawLine(dsDoc)

        TransformLine(dsLine, transformations)
    
End Sub

    Function CreateDifferentTransformations(ByVal dsMathUtility As MathUtility) As Dictionary(Of String, MathTransform)
        
Dim transformations As New Dictionary(Of String, MathTransform)()

        
'Create translation transformation
        Dim dsTranslationVector As MathVector = dsMathUtility.CreateVector(2, 3, 0)
        
Dim dsTranslationTransformation As MathTransform = dsMathUtility.CreateTransformTranslation(dsTranslationVector)

        transformations.Add(
"translation", dsTranslationTransformation)

        
'Create scaling transformation
        Dim dsCenterPoint As MathPoint = dsMathUtility.CreatePoint(0, 0, 0)
        
Dim scaleFactor As Double = 1.2
        
Dim dsScalingTransformation As MathTransform = dsMathUtility.CreateTransformScaling(dsCenterPoint, scaleFactor)

        transformations.Add(
"scaling", dsScalingTransformation)

        
'Create rotation transformation
        Dim dsRotationAxis As MathVector = dsMathUtility.CreateVector(0, 0, 1)
        
Dim rotationAngle As Double = Math.PI / 4
        
'45 degrees in radians
        Dim dsRotationTransformation As MathTransform = dsMathUtility.CreateTransformRotation(dsCenterPoint, dsRotationAxis, rotationAngle)

        transformations.Add(
"rotation", dsRotationTransformation)

        
'Create mirror transformation about point
        Dim dsMirrorPoint As MathPoint = dsMathUtility.CreatePoint(0, 0, 0)
        
Dim dsMirrorAboutPointTransformation As MathTransform = dsMathUtility.CreateTransformMirroringAboutPoint(dsMirrorPoint)

        transformations.Add(
"mirror about point", dsMirrorAboutPointTransformation)

        
'Create mirror transformation about Line
        Dim dsMirrorLine As MathLine = dsMathUtility.CreateLine(0, 0, 0, 0, 20, 0, _
         dsMathLineType_e.dsMathLineType_Bounded)
        
Dim dsMirrorAboutLineTransformation As MathTransform = dsMathUtility.CreateTransformMirroringAboutLine(dsMirrorLine)

        transformations.Add(
"mirror about Line", dsMirrorAboutLineTransformation)

        
'Create mirror transformation about plane
        Dim dsMirrorPlane As MathPlane = dsMathUtility.CreateZXPlane()
        
Dim dsMirrorAboutPlaneTransformation As MathTransform = dsMathUtility.CreateTransformMirroringAboutPlane(dsMirrorPlane)

        transformations.Add(
"mirror about plane", dsMirrorAboutPlaneTransformation)

        
'Create projection transformation
        Dim dsProjectionPlane As MathPlane = dsMathUtility.CreateYZPlane()
        
Dim dsProjectionDirection As MathVector = dsMathUtility.CreateVector(1, 0, 0)
        
Dim dsProjectionTransformation As MathTransform = dsMathUtility.CreateTransformProjection(dsProjectionPlane, dsProjectionDirection)

        transformations.Add(
"projection", dsProjectionTransformation)

        
Return transformations
    
End Function

    Sub TransformLine(ByVal dsLine As Line, ByVal transformations As Dictionary(Of String, MathTransform))
        
'Get MathLine property of Line entity
        Dim dsMathLine As MathLine = dsLine.MathLine

        
'Print mathematical line parameters
        PrintMathLineParameters(dsMathLine)

        
'Transform Line using the created transformations
        For Each transformationItem As KeyValuePair(Of String, MathTransform) In transformations
            
'Print transformation parameters
            PrintMathTransformation(transformationItem.Key, transformationItem.Value)

            
'Transform mathematical line
            dsMathLine.TransformBy(transformationItem.Value)

            
'Update Line
            dsLine.MathLine = dsMathLine

            MessageBox.Show(
"The " & transformationItem.Key & " transformation has been applied to a Line.")

            
'Zoom by window
            Dim lowerLeftCorner As Double() = {-10, -10, 0}
            
Dim upperRightCorner As Double() = {10, 10, 0}
            dsApp.Zoom(dsZoomRange_e.dsZoomRange_Window, lowerLeftCorner, upperRightCorner)

            
'Print result mathematical line parameters
            PrintMathLineParameters(dsMathLine)
        
Next
    End Sub

    Function DrawLine(ByVal dsDoc As Document) As Line
        
'Get model space
        Dim dsModel As Model = dsDoc.GetModel()

        
'Get sketch manager
        Dim dsSketchMgr As SketchManager = dsModel.GetSketchManager()

        
'Draw a Line
        Dim startPoint As Double() = {1, 1, 0}
        
Dim endPoint As Double() = {5, 1, 0}

        
Return dsSketchMgr.InsertLine(startPoint(0), startPoint(1), startPoint(2), endPoint(0), endPoint(1), endPoint(2))
    
End Function

    Sub PrintMathTransformation(ByVal transformationName As String, ByVal dsMathTransformation As MathTransform)
        Debug.Print(Environment.NewLine &
"The " & transformationName & " transformation:")

        
Dim countOfRows As Integer = 4
        
Dim countOfColumns As Integer = 4

        
For i As Integer = 0 To countOfRows - 1
            
Dim rowInformation As String = "("

            For j As Integer = 0 To countOfColumns - 1
                rowInformation += dsMathTransformation.GetElementAt(i, j).ToString()

                
If j <> countOfColumns - 1 Then
                    rowInformation += "  ,  "
                End If
            Next

            rowInformation += ");"

            Debug.Print(rowInformation)
        
Next
    End Sub

    Sub PrintMathLineParameters(ByVal dsMathLine As MathLine)
        Debug.Print(Environment.NewLine &
"Mathematical line parameters")

        Debug.Print(
String.Format("Type = {0};", dsMathLine.[GetType]().ToString()))

        
'Get start point
        Dim dsPoint As MathPoint = dsMathLine.StartPoint

        
Dim x As Double, y As Double, z As Double
        dsPoint.GetPosition(x, y, z)

        Debug.Print(
String.Format("StartPoint ({0}, {1}, {2});", x, y, z))

        
'Get end point
        dsPoint = dsMathLine.EndPoint

        dsPoint.GetPosition(x, y, z)

        Debug.Print(
String.Format("EndPoint ({0}, {1}, {2});", x, y, z))

        
'Get direction
        Dim dsVector As MathVector = Nothing
        dsMathLine.GetDirection(dsVector)

        dsVector.GetCoordinates(x, y, z)

        Debug.Print(
String.Format("Direction ({0}, {1}, {2});", x, y, z))

        Debug.Print(
String.Format("Length = {0};", dsMathLine.GetLength().ToString()))
    
End Sub

    Function ConnectToDraftSight() As DraftSight.Interop.dsAutomation.Application
        
Dim dsApp As DraftSight.Interop.dsAutomation.Application = Nothing

        Try
            'Connect to DraftSight
            dsApp = DirectCast(Marshal.GetActiveObject("DraftSight.Application"), DraftSight.Interop.dsAutomation.Application)
        
Catch ex As Exception
            MessageBox.Show(
"Failed to connect to DraftSight. Cause: " & ex.Message)
            dsApp =
Nothing
        End Try

        Return dsApp
    
End Function
End
Module



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